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Royal (or State) Farthings of James I, Charles I, and the Commonwealth

Charles I (27 March 1625 - 30 January 1649)
Richmond Type

(See also Farthings of James I, Charles I, and the Commonwealth)

The Richmond farthings fall into three categories. There are round and oval pieces which, in cases where the distinction between the shape of the flan may not be easy, are distinguished by where the legend starts. On the round pieces, the legend on both the obverse and the reverse starts at the top of the coin, just to the right of center and proceeds downwards in a clockwise fashion. On the oval coins, the legend on both obverse and reverse starts at the bottom, to the left of center, and proceeds upwards in a clockwise manner.

The third type that is considered here is the round transitional piece that lies between the Richmond and the Maltravers farthings. This piece is listed here because it is identified more with the Richmond coins than the Maltravers. It has the short form of Charles' name in the legend (CARO) and is lacking the inner beaded border. Like the Maltravers coins, though, the transitional piece does have the double-arched crown.

Click Images to View Coin Details
Richmond Round Currency (Copper): (1625-1634)
Spink 3181-3187; Peck 116-206; Montagu 1
O  Crown with single arch, crown is large or small and has 5 or 9 jewels on the circlet; crossed scepters through the crown
CARO D G MAG BRIT (or [BRI] or [CARA] or [CARO over IACO])
R  Harp with 5, 6, or 7 strings, large or small crown above with single arch and with 5, 7, or 9 jewels on the circlet
FRA ET HIB REX
Single-arched crown, legends on obverse and reverse begin at top center
Approximate value in the condition (VF) shown: $20.00
P0189__0 Farthing, Richmond Round of Charles I
Transitional Currency (Copper): (1634)
Spink 3188; Peck 228-229; Montagu 1v
O  Broad crown with double arch; crossed scepters through the crown
CARO : D : G : MAG : BRI : (or [· CARO :]) (top dot of colon is an apostrophe)
R  Harp with 6 or 7 strings and an eagle's head, broad crown above with a double-arch
FRA : ET · HIB : REX · (or [· FRA :]) (top dot of colon is an apostrophe)
Double-arched crown, legends on obverse and reverse begin at top center
Image not available
Richmond Oval Currency (Copper): (1625-1634)
Spink 3192-3199; Peck 268-285; Montagu 2
O  Large or small crown with single arch and with 5, 6, or 9 jewels on the circlet; crossed scepters through the crown
CARO : D : G : MAG : BRI : (or [: MA :] or [: BR :] or [: BRIT] or [CARO over IACO])
R  Harp with 6 or 7 strings and an eagle's head or scroll on front, broad crown above with single arch and with 5, 6, or 9 jewels on the circlet
FRA ET HIB REX
Legends on obverse and reverse begin at bottom and to the left of center
Approximate value in the condition (VF) shown: $55.00
P0277__0 Farthing, Richmond Oval of Charles I

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