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Royal (or State) Farthings of James I, Charles I, and the Commonwealth

Charles I (27 March 1625 - 30 January 1649)
Rose Type

(See also Farthings of James I, Charles I, and the Commonwealth)

The Rose type was the last of the patent farthings of Charles I. They were authorized on 01 March 1636 and were struck until about the end of 1644. There are three major types with a transition series between the first two types. The first two types have crossed scepters through or behind the crown on the obverse. The third type has the scepters crossed below the crown. The first two types are distinguished by the arches in the crown and whether or not the rose on the reverse is single or double. The first type consists of double-arched crowns on the obverse and reverse, and a double expanded rose on the reverse. The second type has single-arched crowns on the obverse and reverse, and a single expanded rose on the reverse.

The transitional series consists of mules of the first and second types. On some of them, the crown on the obverse is double-arched while that on the reverse is single-arched (and the rose also single) and on others the crown on the obverse is single-arched and that on the reverse is double-arched (with the rose being double).

The first type also varies in the length of the scepters, with three distinct types noted.

Click Images to View Coin Details
Rose, Double-arched crown Currency (Copper): (1636-1644)
Spink 3201-3204; Peck 288-318; Montagu 6
O  Crown with double arch; crossed scepters through the crown
CAROLVS · D : G MAG BRIT (or [BRI])
R  Double rose with double-arched crown above
FRAN : ET · HIB : REX · (or [· HIBER :])
Crowns have double arches and double rose on reverse
Approximate value in the condition (VF) shown: $50.00
P0314__0 Farthing, Rose, Double-arched crown of Charles I
Rose, Transitional Currency (Copper): (1636-1644)
Spink 3205; Peck 319-326; Montagu 5v-6v
O  Crown with double or single arches; crossed long scepters through the crown, the scepter handles extend to the edge of the coin
CAROLVS D G MAG BRI (or [CAROLV] or [MA]) (with various stops)
R  Single or double rose with single or double-arched crown above
FRAN ET HIB REX (with various stops)
Crown on obverse is double-arched on obverse and single-arched with single rose on reverse OR Crown on obverse is single-arched and double arched with double rose on reverse
Approximate value in the condition (EF) shown: $70.00
P0320__0 Farthing, Rose, Transitional of Charles I
Rose, Single-arched crown Currency (Copper): (1636-1644)
Spink 3206; Peck 327-347; Montagu 5
O  Crown with single arch; crossed long scepters through the crown, the scepter handles extend to the edge of the coin
CAROLVS D G MAG BRI (or [CAROLV] or (MA]) (with various stops)
R  Single rose with single-arched crown above
FRAN ET HIB REX (or [FRA] or [FR] or [HI]) (with various stops)
Crowns have single arches and single rose on reverse
Approximate value in the condition (VF) shown: $20.00
P0340__0 Farthing, Rose, Single-arched crown of Charles I
Rose, Scepters below crown Currency (Copper): (1636-1644)
Spink 3207; Peck 348-354; Montagu 4
O  Crown with single arch; crossed ornamented or plain scepters below the crown, the scepter handles extend to the edge of the coin
CAROLV D G MAG BR (or [MA] or [BRI]) (with various stops)
R  Single rose with single-arched crown above
FRA ET HIB REX (or [FR]) (with various stops)
Scepters are crossed and are completely below the crown on obverse
Image not available

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