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17th Century Tokens : Awre-Bristol in Gloucestershire

W Numbers refer to Williamson's  Trade Tokens Issued in the Seventeenth Century in England, Wales and Ireland, (1891)

See also other Counties issuing 17th Century Tokens

Click Images to View Coin Details
W1: Gloucestershire, Awre (Farthing): (1651)
O  A vine
ROBERT DOVER OF THE
R  R E D
PARISH OF AWRE 1652 R E D
Image not available
W2: Gloucestershire, Awre (Farthing): (1651)
O  R E D
ROBERT DOVER OF THE R E D
R  A vine
VINE IN THE PR OF AWRE 1652
Image not available
W6: Gloucestershire, Blockley (Farthing): (1657)
O  A pair of cropper's shears
THOMAS WARNER
R  T V W
OF BLOCKLEY 1657 T V W
Image not available
W10: Gloucestershire, Bristol (Farthing): (1591)
O  [Unknown]
BRISTOL FARTHING 1591
R  Ship issuing from a castle and C B
C B
Image not available
This rare token, which was purchased in 1880 of Webster, bears every sign of genuineness, and is here referred to as, htough not of the seventeenth century, probably the forerunner of the town-pieces described below. This piece may have been struck as a pattern only. Dickinson calls this square lead piece a late 19th Century concoction
W11: Gloucestershire, Bristol (Farthing): (Date Unknown)
O  C B
A BRISTOLL FARTHING C B
R  A ship issuing from a castle
[No Legend]
Image not available
This is without the circle within the legend, whilst all the following have the inner circle.
W12: Gloucestershire, Bristol (Farthing): (1652)
O  C B 1652, below which is a small R, the initial of Rawlins the engraver
A BRISTOLL FARTHING C B 1652
R  Arms of Bristol; a ship issuing from a castle
THE ARMES OF BRISTOLL
Image not available
W13: Gloucestershire, Bristol (Farthing): (1652)
O  C B 1652, below which is a small R, the initial of Rawlins the engraver
A BRISTOL FARTHING C B 1652
R  Arms of Bristol; a ship issuing from a castle
THE ARMES OF BRISTOLL
Image not available
W14: Gloucestershire, Bristol (Farthing): (1652)
O  C B 1652
A BRISTOLL FARTHING C B 1652
R  Arms of Bristol; a ship issuing from a castle
THE ARMES OF BRISTOLL
Image not available
W15: Gloucestershire, Bristol (Farthing): (1652)
O  C B 1652, below which is a small R, the initial of Rawlins the engraver
A BRISTOLL FARTHING C B 1652
R  Arms of Bristol; a ship issuing from a castle
THE ARMES OF BRISTOLL
Image not available
Cast, not struck.
W16: Gloucestershire, Bristol (Farthing): (1660)
O  C B 1660
A BRISTOLL FARTHING C B 1660
R  Arms of Bristol; a ship issuing from a castle
THE ARMES OF BRISTOLL
Image not available
W17: Gloucestershire, Bristol (Farthing): (1660)
O  C B 1660, below which is a small R, the initial of Rawlins the engraver
A BRISTOLL FARTHING C B 1660
R  Arms of Bristol; a ship issuing from a castle
THE ARMES OF BRISTOLL
Image not available
W18: Gloucestershire, Bristol (Farthing): (1662)
O  C B 1662, below which is a small R, the initial of Rawlins the engraver
A BRISTOLL FARTHING C B 1662
R  Arms of Bristol; a ship issuing from a castle
THE ARMES OF BRISTOLL
Gloucestershire-0018_0 Farthing,  Farthing in  of
W19: Gloucestershire, Bristol (Farthing): (1662)
O  C B 1662
A BRISTOLL FARTHING C B 1662
R  Arms of Bristol; a ship issuing from a castle
THE ARMES OF BRISTOLL
Image not available
W20: Gloucestershire, Bristol (Farthing): (1670)
O  C B 1670
A BRISTOLL FARTHING C B 1670
R  Arms of Bristol; a ship issuing from a castle
THE ARMES OF BRISTOLL
Gloucestershire-0020_0 Farthing,  Farthing in  of
This is also known, struck as a very thick token, and larger than the above.
W21: Gloucestershire, Bristol (Farthing): (1597)
O  A ship issuing left from a castle; the arms of Bristol
[No Legend]
R  C B
C B [Civitas Bristol]
Image not available
Diamond-shaped
W22: Gloucestershire, Bristol (Farthing): (1577-1583)
O  A ship issuing right from a castle; the arms of Bristol, all enclosed within a shield
[No Legend]
R  C B
C B [Civitas Bristol]
Image not available
"This city had a licence from Queen Elizabeth to make farthing tokens, which were struck in copper, with a ship on one side, and C. B. on the other, signifying Civitas Bristol. These were current at Bristol and ten miles about."--Malyne's Lex Mercatoria, p. 194.

We do not know the date of this license; but on the 12th of MAy, 1594, a letter was sent to the Mayor and Aldermen of Bristol, requiring them to call in all the private tokens which had been uttered by divers persons without any authority; and that none should make the same without license from the mayor.

"In 1609, two of the King's servants petitioned James I. for licence to stamp farthing tokens for the cities of Bristol and Gloucester, as Bristol had received authority from Queen Elizabeth to stamp farthing tokens in copper, which authority ceased upon his Majesty's coming to the throne."--Ruding.

There can be little doubt that this token is the one described above. Having been issued in the reign of Elizabeth, it must be considered as the earliest English token, and it was the only coin of this kind sanctioned by the State before the eighteenth century. It is a scarce piece. Probably Nos. 10 and 11 may also belong to Elizabeth's reign; and Nos. 12, 18, and 20 are the commonest tokens of the whole series.

From the circumstance of but one private person having issued a brass token at Bristol, the old license of Elizabeth may have been considered to have been in force, though dormant for many years; on no other account is it easy to understand why such a large city had but one, all other cities having an abundant variety.

W23: Gloucestershire, Bristol (Farthing): (Date Unknown)
O  A merchant's mark, and a sheaf of arrows
THOMAS RICRAFT IN WINE
R  T R
STREETE IN BRISTOLL T R
Image not available

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