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Royal (or State) Farthings of James I, Charles I, and the Commonwealth

Charles I (27 March 1625 - 30 January 1649)

The farthings of Charles I fall into three main types that were current plus a set of patterns. These types consist of the Richmond, the Maltravers, and the Rose farthings. Additionally, there is a transition type between the Richmond and Maltravers, and the normal round Richmond and Maltravers pieces are supplemented by oval counterparts that were struck originally for use in Ireland.

The Rose farthings are broken into two types as well, the first having the scepters through or behind the crown and the second having them fully beneath the crown. The Rose farthings with the scepter through the crown consist of a type which has double-arched crowns on the obverse and reverse and the rose on the reverse is a double rose. The second type has single-arched crowns and a single rose. Of course, there are transitional pieces which have combinations of the two obverses and reverses.
Click Linked Type Names to View List of Sub-TypesClick Images to View Sub-Types
Richmond, Spink 3181-3188, 3192-3199; Peck 116-229, 268-285; Montagu 1,1v,2. CARO (or CARA in obverse legend. Crowns have single arches except for transitional piece which has double arches. No beaded inner circle on obverse or reverse.
O  Crown usually with single arch; crossed scepters through the crown
CARO D G MAG BRIT (or similar)
R  Harp with single-arched crown above
FRA ET HIB REX (or similar)
Approximate value in the condition (VF) shown: $20.00
P0189, Richmond round farthing of Charles I
Maltravers, Spink 3189-3191, 3200; Peck 230-267, 286-287; Montagu 2,3. CAROLVS (or CAROLV in obverse legend. Crowns have double arches. Beaded inner circle on obverse and reverse.
O  Crown with double arch; crossed scepters through the crown
CAROLVS D G MAG BRIT (or similar)
R  Harp with double-arched crown above
FRAN ET HIB REX (or similar)
Approximate value in the condition (EF) shown: $80.00
P0241, Maltravers round farthing of Charles I
Rose, Spink 3201-3207 Peck 288-354; Montagu 4-6.
O  Crown with crossed scepters either through or below it
CAROLVS D G MAG BRI (or similar)
R  Double- or single-rose expanded, crown above
FRAN ET HIB REX (or similar)
Approximate value in the condition (VF) shown: $20.00
P0340, Rose farthing of Charles I

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